What to feed a dog or a particular diet of your pet
If you got yourself a reliable and faithful friend – dog, you just need to know all the details of its feeding. It affects not only animal health, but also the duration of his life. We will help you to answer many questions concerning the contents of the pet. What to feed a dog, how many times a day to feed her, good or bad dry food – all this and more you will find in this article.
Feeding a pregnant dog
If your dog needs to see the puppies, the question arises – how many times a day she needs to eat. Since 4 to 6 a week, the number of feedings should be increased to 3 times. Definitely need to give cottage cheese, fish, meat, milk porridge, boiled egg. Food pregnant dogs need to include various minerals, especially calcium. The norm of daily consumption – 65-70 mg per 1 kg of body weight, and phosphorus – 50 to 55 mg.
What to feed a dog when it comes to the second half of pregnancy? At this time should be reduced in the diet of starchy food and add mashed raw vegetables and fruits. It is also useful to add in food bone meal in the amount of two tablespoons a day. If the pregnancy occurred in the winter, be sure to give the animal vitamins A and D. But since 8 weeks, put the dog on four meals. It is desirable to eliminate from her diet of bones and other foods that impede peristalsis.
To prevent postpartum eclampsia (toxemia), the meat is better to replace boiled fish, necessarily of marine origin. 150 g fish replace 100 grams of meat. Do not give pasta, potatoes, beans, pearl barley, as this food overloads the digestive tract of the animal.
In the last days before the birth eliminate from the diet all foods that can cause dog allergic reaction, and the amount of food will reduce by ?. Loss of appetite try to attract the animal tasty for her pieces. When will labor, increase the diet and go to cheriegate food.
Feeding lactating dogs
How to feed a dog after giving birth? During the first days, it is recommended to give semi-fluid fermented milk food. Water should always stand by and be fresh. Don’t need in the first week after childbirth to feed the dog meat, because such food can provoke eclampsia – toxemia. Feeding the dog should be of high quality and calories, contain vegetables, cereals, dairy products. After a week in the diet can introduce a small amount of meat. Feeding lactating dogs spend at least 3 times a day, include calcium supplements.
To feed a dog raw meat is not desirable, because it can be worms that are transmitted to the puppies. Therefore, you should boil the meat at least a couple of minutes or at worst – scald it with boiling water. Nutrition lactating dogs should be given special attention, because it loses more calories and nutrients, giving your puppies their milk.
How much food is required for puppies when they stop sucking the mother’s breast? This question is also very important for breeders.
- From 1, 5 to 2 months prepare small meals and feed the puppies every 3 hours (6 times per day);
- After 2 months the number of feedings reduce to 5 times, increasing the amount of food;
- In 4-5 months, the puppy is fed 4 times a day, in 6-7 months – 3 times a day;
- After a year the dog is transferred to a two-single feeding.
About how many times you need to feed your dog up to years, you already know, now let’s work out how best to feed the dog as a puppy. After all this time she formed a backbone, grow teeth and hair. And from a lack of necessary substances can develop rickets and other diseases.
In the puppy’s diet should contain: low-fat cottage cheese, egg yolk, lean meat. For shiny coat should be given vitamin D (food Supplement) and vegetable oil. 2 months puppies is useful to give a small amount of cartilage and 4-5 already, you can add soft beef bones. And certainly in the diet should contain vegetables. You can give them as a cooked and raw, pre-rubbing on a grater. Once a week the puppies should be added to the diet of sea fish, purified from the bone.
We need to mention the dry feed. They are divided into three categories:
- Products economy class – have a low quality;
- The medium is the product of average quality;
- Premium product – highest quality.
The obvious question to ask what food is best and how many times a day to feed their animal. Naturally, it is best to use feed with a higher quality, but not all of them contain animal protein. When choosing, pay attention to the annotation, which specifies the composition of the feed.
Deciding how to feed your dog dry food, do not forget that to add other products thus it is not necessary. Our choice often depends on the financial possibilities. But in any case, try to choose well-balanced product that contains sufficient amounts of protein, amino acids, fats and other nutrients.
Feeding an adult dog
Digestive system of the dog is arranged as predatory animals. She chews and tears off and swallows pieces of meat. – Developed jaws need work, they are not suitable blended food and semolina. Living in the wild a predator eats prey whole. The best treat for dogs is cartilage and soft bone. The bones should be large, better beef. In no case do not give the dog and bird tubular bones. Small fragments can injure the esophagus and stomach. Gnawing around the bone, the animal not only strengthens teeth, but also replenishes the body with mineral salts.
And what kind of meat to feed an adult dog? And how much meat can she eat? Once a week feed your pet raw beef. Just make sure that the product was fresh. Pork give the dog is not recommended, as the vets claim that pigs can get sick with diseases that are not transmitted to humans but dangerous to Pets. If the animal is not allergic to chicken protein, you can sometimes give him cooked chicken, mix it with vegetables or cereal: buckwheat, millet, oatmeal, rice.
Hercules can be given to puppies and adult dogs, soaking it in the broth, yogurt or milk. Liver in a small amount (5-15g) added to the diet of the animal to replenish the vitamins A, E, D. the Offal (kidney, liver, udder and heart) contain different nutrients, but they should be boiled.
Nutrition for older dogs
As one of the major problems of aging dogs is obesity, feed your Pets more often, but small portions. Daily diet is best divided into 2-4 times. It is advisable to warm food to body temperature of the animal is 38 degrees Celsius. The food should be balanced and not to inhibit the function of the heart and kidneys. The amount of protein it is desirable to reduce. If you gave the animal a fish from an early age, continue to do it now, but no more than 1-2 times a week.
How to feed dry food of dogs in advanced years? Diet rations are prepared by veterinarians given the age-related changes in animals. Aged dogs often have ear infections, cataracts, periodontal disease, arthritis, pulmonary and cardiovascular diseases, urinary incontinence. In this period, the owner must carefully monitor the health of your pet in order to recognize the disease and begin treatment.
Feeding a sick dog
Of course, that during the disease the food should be easily digested and to be nutritious. But in some diseases require a special diet. Feed your pet more often, but portions should be small. For example, in allergic dermatitis, the meat should be lean, you can not give meat broths and other fatty foods. In any case, do not treat favorite sweets. Only diet will be the key to successful treatment.
The tendency of a dog to allergies often arises from improper food. During the treatment process, specialists prescribe hypoallergenic food low in calories. After all the symptoms will disappear in the diet of the animal is introduced for a single product. Thus it is possible to identify the allergen. When identified hazardous product, it should be permanently excluded from the diet. The most common Allergy in dogs occurs in dairy products and pork.
As a result of improper nutrition of the animal can occur diabetes mellitus, as a complication of pancreatitis or pancreatic tumors. Pets are diagnosed with a diabetes, should eat foods that contain small amount of fats and carbohydrates, but rich in vitamins, proteins and minerals. The dog breeds susceptible to this disease include: Australian Terrier, pug, Keeshond, miniature poodle, Beagle, Schnauzer.
For these dogs it is best to use only natural ingredients. Diet involves the use of animals lean meat, fish. You can add fresh vegetables, fruits and feed dogs raw meat, but everything should be within reasonable limits. Allowed buckwheat and oatmeal. But rice is better to exclude.
If your dog is poisoned, in the first days after the retreat of the disease it is better not to feed, but to give plentiful drink. Then you can try the rice water. Once your pet appears your appetite, give him a little boiled rice porridge in chicken broth. Gradually add in the diet of well cooked and finely chopped meats such as chicken or veal. A little later, add fish. Naturally, this should be low-fat varieties of sea and ocean fish – cod, Pollock, salmon, hake.
Diet for hunting dogs
Hunting dogs are: large breeds – greyhounds; medium breed – hounds, cops and likes. Small breeds – spaniels, dachshunds, Fox Terriers.
How much food should contain carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins and mineral salts, the animal is properly developed? Let’s try to answer this question. The daily requirement of an adult hunting dog is: protein to 4-5 g per 1 kg of body weight, fats 2-3 g per 1 kg of weight, carbs 12-15 g. For these species food can be caloric needs of each animal are dependent on physical exertion and the ambient temperature.
If the animal is kept outdoors, you should increase the fat content, if the dog is doing long physical work, focus on protein and carbohydrates. Diet hunting dogs should be varied. Particularly valuable for their meat, fresh fish. For puppies and lactating animals good nutritious food is cheese, milk, buttermilk. Vegetables and herbs are an indispensable product in the diet of hunting dogs.
How many times should you feed these dogs? Adult cats should be given food 2-3 times a day: early in the morning, at lunchtime and around 6pm. Don’t forget to add mineral supplements: bone meal, fish oil, ground chalk, egg shells.
Diet for fighting dogs
To the dogs with fighting qualities include: alabais, pit bull Terriers, Rottweilers, Staffordshire Terriers, boxers. What to feed a dog fight so she was strong and hardy? Suitable natural products and dry food. It is best to buy food of high quality. Protein foods should be present in the diet of puppies and adult dogs daily. It is needed to build muscle fibers and bones, as well as for activity of animals.
Not much difference in the diet of large and medium-sized dogs there. Sometimes small breeds to maintain the vitality required food of higher calorie. The main thing to remember – meat products are essential in the diet of such dogs. They should be given both in raw and cooked form.
The topic of feeding dogs is extensive. Here the main thing not to make mistakes, because good nutrition affects the health and lifespan of your pet. Well, if you watch the dog with an infant will be the same vet. With it, you can always consult on any issue.