Parrot fish: aquarium exotic
Actually the name “parrot” does not apply to any one type of fish. It can hide completely different bright and colorful fish. Yes, not only fish, but just for these fish. For example, tropical fish parrots that live in the coral reefs, reach a two-meter length. And in the forest rivers and freshwater lakes of Central Africa live in small fishes-parrots. That these Central African fishes and moved into our aquariums, about them and speech.
Aquarium parrots belong to the order Perciformes and the family of cichlids. It is quite large for aquarium fish. Parrot reaches a six-inch length. It is elongated and flat on the sides of the body is painted in yellow-brown or gray-blue color. His back is dark and sides (from tail to mouth) black wide band. The coloration of the abdomen, most likely, owe their name, these fish – parrot “pestreet” below it. His abdomen as if illuminated with colored lights: bright red in the middle, pearl green closer to the head and blue tail.
Males differ from females not so much size, how typical markings on the tail are several dark spots, which sometimes merge. And his tail and dorsal fin sometimes the top is bordered with a gold band, and the rear fins always pointed.
And some interesting behaviors of this fish, in General, it is peaceful, except when it comes to procreation. During spawning it becomes very aggressive (and therefore breeding parrot fish presents some difficulty). Still wondering and compliance by the males territorial integrity. He creates his own personal territory and vigilantly guarding her from all. The only exception he makes for his girlfriend, which is allowed to remain on its territory. By the way, these fish are monogamous, they form permanent couples, and live mainly in the lower and middle layers of water.
No less interesting behave of aquarium fishes-parrots and during spawning. First pair of parrots making a place for the future offspring: the female cleans the walls of the shelter, and the male guarded the territory. Preparing the house (where they live) for the eggs, the female shows partner his colorful abdomen, informing about the readiness for the sacrament, and lures him into the house where lays eggs. It is interesting to observe how parents are “herding” the flock of his come out for a walk fry. If one of them decides to fight back from the pack, you will immediately be caught by one of the parents and settle into place.
The contents of the parrot fish does not represent special difficulties. But there are nuances. Given the territorial nature of the behavior of these fish, they are not recommended to contain with other types (this complicates their breeding). Although, living in the lower layers of water, they can live peacefully with “Verhoeven” neighbors. However, aquarists suggest to keep the parrots in pairs, which developed during schooling habitat fry. They also indicated that a few pairs from the same litter (siblings) may live in the same area.
For keeping several pairs will require a tank volume of sixty liters. It is also necessary to equip the habitat with caves and caverns, which must be located in a distance from each other and from the places you plan to feed your fish. How much should be shelters? Yes, plenty, but less than couples. In addition to the grottoes at the bottom of the aquarium it is desirable to establish driftwood and stones, as well as “secure” zhestkolistnye thickets of algae. And remember that coexist aquarium parrot fish can only if you have your own site every couple.
Acceptable quality of water for aquatic parrots: temperature 24-26°C, acidity PH 6.5-7.5 and hardness dH 6-15°. In addition, water should be filtered and updated weekly for thirty percent of the volume. As for feeding, the food fish parrot unpretentious. Feed it to any living and dry food with herbal supplements. But the breeding of these fish will not be difficult while respecting the right of territorial independence.
“Other”, or Red parrot
Unusual aquarium fish red parrot is the artificially bred hybrid of different types of cichlasomas. It is unusual peculiar appearance: the lower lip is strongly curved, the head separated from the torso, and the head stands the hump. By the way, scientists attribute such an exotic appearance with physiological disturbances. Red parrot fish grows up to ten inches in length and has a bright fiery red, orange or yellow color. Among other things, to maintain the brightness of the color to feed these fish feed is recommended with the addition of carotene.
Like any interspecific hybrid, red parrot can’t procreate (but instinctively trying to do so), and breeding this fish is naturally impossible. However, this breeding trick to those aquarists who do not welcome the reproduction of fish in your aquarium.
The red parrot is quite simple. You can feed it dry and have a live feed, but not overfeed. How much feed you are filled, gluttonous red parrot will still eat, so all uneaten food from the tank should be removed. The optimal size aquarium for the content of red parrot – from two hundred liters, the best neighbours, catfish, barbs, South American cichlids and score. With the right content of these hybrids live up to ten summer. But in General, the red parrot is an unpretentious and peaceful fish, characterized by stamina and good health. Every fish disease parrots nothing to him, and even if he zaneduzhu, the treatment usually is successful.
Conclusion, or the Myth about “mini”
If you offer to purchase a parrot in the variant “mini”, do not fall into this trap! No aquarium parrots “mini” (their breeding has not yet started). Mini is a fiction, a myth! Under the option of “mini” you offer a special form of chernopolsky cichlasoma (Chernogolovka), which are painted under the parrot fish. And grow these “mini” to the size of conventional Chernogolovka, and aggressive, not less, and live as much as they should, and feed it relies on rules. So beware!