How to treat diarrhea in cats?
Such trouble as a disorder of the intestine, familiar to us all firsthand. And, alas, not only we (the people). Animals also suffer from such disorders. And our kitty (adult cats and cats and little kittens) from time to time offer us such surprises as the diarrhea. But the diarrhea (you know) is not only diarrhea, but also pain and cramps in the abdomen, nausea, lack of appetite and, consequently, dehydration. For cats is stressful, but not less stress to such trouble is for the owners of the animal.
So the owners start to panic and immediately begin to cure the cat. However, diarrhea is not a disease but a symptom. By the way, cat diarrhea can be caused not only by diseases, but also stressful situations.
What is diarrhea in cats?
Even if your animal is in good health, diarrhea can cause the following reasons.
- Errors in diet, or the “wrong” menu. If you feed your cat with only meat or milk, give her spiced or fatty foods that overfeed the animal.
- Food poisoning and diarrhea cause spoiled food.
- Change of water.
- Motion sickness in transport: a long trip on the train or in the car.
- The transition to a new food: replacing the normal food with dry food, or feeding kittens.
- Stressful situations: visits to the veterinarian, the appearance of new animals in the house or babies.
However, all this lekarstvennye causes of diarrhea. Much worse is the case if the cause of the diarrhea be disease. What diseases are accompanied by diarrhea?
- Intestinal parasites (worms) such as trichomoniasis, Giardia, coccidiosis, round worms.
- Bacterial infections that cause E. coli, Salmonella, Clostridium, Campylobacter.
- Viral infections: panleukopenia (feline distemper), leukemia, infectious peritonitis.
- Fungal infections.
- Intestinal obstruction.
- Gipertireoze (lack of thyroid hormones).
- Diseases of the kidneys and liver.
But do not just panic and cry thinking about the deadly disease to your pet. If your beauty (or beauties) of the graft, if it is not in contact with stray or wild animals that cause diarrhea, most likely, was not a particularly dangerous disease. If not illness, nervous or eating disorder. You just need to analyze the situation and take the first necessary steps.
How to treat diarrhea in cats?
First of all, again carefully look at what you feed your pet. Fatty meats, raw fish and liver, fresh milk is often the cause of intestinal disorders. However, there may be individual intolerance of some products. In this case, just eliminate from the menu all that could cause diarrhea and put the animal on a short-term diet. Overfeeding manifests itself once abundant and liquid stool. In this case, you need to reduce the portions and frequency of eating. If the possible cause was the change of water, give the cat the usual for her water.
If you transfer the animal to a new food, do it gradually, adding to the usual products small amounts of the new food. If the diarrhea began at the small kitten, which you have just purchased, most likely in reaction to change of diet and weaning from the breast milk. In this case, the diarrhea will quickly go away “by itself”. If the baby continues to suffer from diarrhea, it is possible it was caused by intestinal parasites. In this case, you must give the kitten deworming medicines and show it to the vet.
Light intestinal disorders, accompanied by brief and scant diarrhea, fever and General weakness can be treated at home. For this you need to stop giving the animal food during the day (kittens – for no longer than twelve hours). It is necessary to ensure permanent access of the animal to pure and fresh (boiled) water. In addition to taking such emergency action is necessary to give your cat activated charcoal twice a day for one tablet per ten pounds of weight and to drink it with a decoction of chamomile or St. John’s wort (five milliliters per serving).
In order to give the cat the medicine, dissolve the charcoal in boiled water. The coal solution or herbal decoction type in a syringe (without a needle), lift the animal’s head and, holding him by the chin, insert the tip of the syringe between the cat’s teeth and pour the medicine into his mouth.
As soon as a sick animal will begin to improve, start to give him easily digestible food: boiled chicken meat (white), boiled egg yolk, boiled rice. By the way, as a diet of cat food will suit meat purees for baby food or special diet pates for animals. The main thing that the food was low-carb. On the first day after fasting you can give only half the usual norms of food, and return to normal diet only after full recovery.
When to see a doctor?
In any case, we cannot exclude the possibility of the occurrence of diarrhea in cats due to serious diseases. In some cases, it is necessary to go to the vet?
- Long-term (longer days) ongoing diarrhea.
- Abundant and very loose stools.
- Plaintive and even hysterical meowing (indicates severe pain).
- Pronounced apathy and weakness (teeter, tucking limbs).
- Diarrhea with blood or with mucus.
- Severe vomiting.
- Pale gums and nose.
- The increase in temperature.
- Fever and convulsions.
- Stinky (more than normal) bowel movements.
- Incessant thirst.
When such symptoms accompany the diarrhea, the urgent need to take the animal to the doctor or even call an ambulance dental services. Your cat is being examined, put to her a diagnosis and prescribe treatment.
If your pet detects parasites, you will begin an appropriate course of treatment. The animal will be prescribed a special medication with a certain mode of intake and diet. Usually in such cases the treatment is repeated after a few weeks repeat the course.
If you have already dehydrated, then, most likely, the animal will prescribe IVS: intravenous or subcutaneously. You will have to bring the cat to the clinic or to call home specialist. In any case, this procedure is necessary, as in diarrhea fluid, drink a cat, too quickly out of the body. If the diarrhea is caused by an infection, then the animal will prescribe a course of antibiotics.
So do not expect “at random”. In severe cases, the diarrhea by itself will not work. Trust the doctor and go to the treatment responsibly. After all, your cat trusts you and is waiting for help from you. Do not deceive their hopes. And to prevent intestinal disorders, feed your pet properly, immunized on time, let’s anthelmintic drugs at least once a season. And be (you and your pussy) healthy!