Dwarf rabbits: care, nutrition, breed selection
Rabbits are very cute creatures, so their content at home will bring you a lot of fun. These decorative animals are very friendly and playful. In addition, care dwarf pet rabbit is not so complicated. To walk it is not necessary, he easily learns to go to the litter box.
And the rabbits are great Pets for children. These fun kids you can take with you to the cottage or to leave with friends on vacation, as they do not deliver much hassle. But, nevertheless, determined to make a home a dwarf rabbit, remember that you get not fluffy toy but a living creature with its own character and habits that require attention, care and affection.
In this article, you can find out how many live dwarf rabbits, what they eat, what they need care. In addition, we will look at which diseases are these animals and what you should know before choosing a pet.
So, the first thing that attracts future owners of the animal, how to determine the gender of their pet. The sex of the rabbit you can easily determine the age of 3-4 months. Males at this age are clearly visible testicles, and females they naturally have. If you turn the pet’s legs up, pulling the tail, the female you can see the gap, originating from the anus, and in males a small round hole in the 3-4 mm from the anal.
From normal rabbits, dwarf breed is size and weight. Instead of 5-8 kg “live weight” of their larger brethren, our children do not exceed the label in 1, 6 kg. But to delight you with their presence in the house, rabbits will be from 6 to 12 years. And this is another reason to treat the selection of a pet with all possible seriousness, because he’ll soon become a part of your life.
The types of dwarf rabbits
Before heading to the store for a pet, you should learn what breed of dwarf rabbits you like the most. They differ not only in appearance but also in character, so think carefully about what style of behavior of a pet you like. So, consider the types of dwarf rabbits.
Dwarf rabbit Sheep
RAM is a wonderful lop-eared dwarf rabbit. Animals of this breed are slightly larger than their relatives, the colored dwarfs. Adult Sheep can reach a weight of 1, 8 kg up to 2 kg. Due to its wonderful lugs these rabbits look very sweet, calm and affectionate creatures. And indeed it is. Before the age of two weeks to distinguish Sheep from other breeds is problematic, because in this period they have erect ears. Fall, they start with three weeks of age. And to four weeks in most cases, they are already hanging on the sides of the head of the animal. And on top of the ears are connected with the roller, the crown.
In other cases, the gradual drooping of ears can last until the age of three months, and often you can see this funny picture: one ear hangs down, and the other still provocatively sticking out. In this case, the RAM looks quite funny and comical. Fold a little more attached to his owner and, like a dog, follows him everywhere, wherever he went. Rabbit breed Sheep may bring 4-8 rabbits, dwarf rabbits for quite a lot. In General, if you need a Bunny with a sweet disposition, rabbit Sheep is exactly what you need.
Colored dwarf rabbits
It is a small animal with erect ears. The weight of an adult rabbit reaches 0, 8-1, 5 kg. These kids have several variations of color:
- Margery (blue or brown with darker muzzle);
- Black and fiery;
- Red satin;
- Hotty (white with black contours around the eye);
- Siamese color;
- Red, etc.
The most interesting color different red satin. In bright light, their red skins literally glow red. Female rabbits of this breed bring from 2 to 4 rabbits. The nature of this type of rabbits very unpredictable. They can be as friendly, flexible, and markedly aggressive. The peak of aggressiveness colored rabbits at the age of 5-9 months in is the period of their puberty. Usually the aggressiveness is one and a half years or slightly later. To reduce the aggressiveness of the rabbits should be castrated. In addition, if you wish to grow friendly pet, from an early age give him more affection. Like rabbits when they scratch their cheeks and the forehead between the ears. If you need funny Bunny, the color of the dwarf breed is the best option.
Fox dwarf rabbits
Fox rabbits belong to long-haired breeds. The weight of an adult ranges from 0, 8 up to 1 kg, 5 kg Rabbit bring from 2 to 6 cubs. Throughout the body the Fox rabbits fur is long, but the head is short and smooth. Length of hair on body such ushastik can reach 7 cm and sometimes even more. Rabbits of this breed can have the following colours:
The character of Fox, rabbits, and colored, unpredictable. For pet’s skin requires constant care. If you like animals with long hair and you’re willing to comb their fur at least once a week, Fox rabbit – your option.
Angora dwarf rabbits
These animals have thick long hair all over the body, including the ears and on the face. But unlike Fox rabbits, whose fur is a spine, Angora rabbits – down. The hair is very thin and soft, reaching lengths of 20 cm Rabbit rabbit bring 2-6. The weight of an adult dwarf Angora rabbit ranges from 1 to 1, 6 kg. his appearance is very exotic. Many people compare the appearance of these cute small dogs. The nature of rabbits is different and aggressive, and extremely friendly. If you want all your friends and surrounding people were delighted with the appearance of your pet, buy Angora dwarf rabbit, can’t go wrong.
Dwarf rabbits Rex
You will be amazed by the sophistication of the dwarf rabbits breeds Rex. The fur of these lovely creatures short and velvety, so they belong to the type of short-haired animals. Rexes come in the following colors:
- Castor-Rex (brown);
- Bright red;
- Bright with spots.
Dwarf rabbits breeds Rex is very elegant, their appearance is somewhat unusual. These Pets are easy, fairly narrow head with very long ears. The weight of adult individuals is rarely more than 1, 6 kg. At an early age, these kids are very ugly. At the sight of the rabbit-Rex never would think that this ugly creature with a strange kind of wool will one day grow up to be graceful and handsome. The nature of these rabbits is very balanced, calm. All the movements of the adult Rex graceful, in connection with which it can be compared with the fabulous fawn.
Dwarf rabbits breed Hermelin
The rabbits breed Hermelin have only white color. The eyes of these amazing creatures either red or blue. The ratio of the body, Germelino very large head. The rabbit fur is short and dense. The weight of adult individuals varies from 1 to 1, 5kg. Females and males by nature are different. Males are calm, often lazy and calm animals. But females are often aggressive. So if you buy a pet for a child, it is best to purchase for males.
Japanese dwarf rabbit
Very beautiful and unusual colors Japanese dwarf rabbit. Throughout the body of the animal are dark and yellow stripes, with one side kid dark, and the other yellowish. The border of flowers runs along the center back, along the spine. Particularly attractive to those individuals who have colors are changing in a staggered manner.
Dwarf Dutch rabbit
One of the most popular breeds are the Dutch dwarf rabbits. Bred the breed was in 1950-60-ies in Holland a well known rabbit breeder Adrian de Kock. The body of a rabbit is short and strong, the neck is almost absent, the chest is broad. Paws animal is very strong and short and the head is broad, well developed. Dutch rabbits as well as the breed of the Sheep fold. Animals are of the following colors:
- Light grey;
- Dull gray;
- Color marten.
The nature of these rabbits are very sweet and friendly. Adult weight of the pet varies from 1, 2 to 1, 6 kg. the area around the eyes, ears and the back of the body of a rabbit has the color color, but everything else is Taurus – white. In addition, the rear legs of the baby were white, so it seems that the rabbit wearing the socks.
Caring for dwarf rabbits
Caring for dwarf rabbits is quite easy. The only exceptions are long haired breeds. By themselves, these animals are extremely clean, most of the time they devote to care for coat. Rabbits living in warm homes, the shedding period lasts somewhat longer than those living outdoors. During molting animal should be brushed with a special brush. The rest of the time short-haired kids can be combed at will, but for fur coat rabbit long-haired require daily care, or the fur may be matted. Then, too, without scissors and vystrogana of pellets not do.
In addition, rabbits should cut the claws, which will fit perfectly ordinary nail clippers. If the pet is bright and the claws are clearly visible blood vessels at the base. Need to cut so not to accidentally damage them. But with the claws dark rabbits should be treated more carefully so as not to damage this site.
As you can see, the special problems of rabbits are dwarf breeds do not deliver, and care for them extremely easy. Therefore, to wrestle over how to keep these cute Pets, not worth it. Their sometimes enough to wash, comb, and clip them claws. And, of course, properly fed!
What do dwarf rabbits eat? Food for these animals should be varied. In the summer-autumn period, when there are a lot of lush greenery, it is more likely to give the pot and add some concentrates. Great food for dwarf rabbits in the summer are dandelions, mugwort, plantain, field sow Thistle, yarrow, burdock, fireweed, tansy, vetch, clover and a number of wild grasses. These herbs are very juicy, the animals are happy to eat them.
But we should remember that to give these herbs should be in mixtures or alternate them. Plants such as vetch, alfalfa and peas must be entered in the pet’s diet gradually, better in combination with cereal. You should not feed rabbits the same grass. Before you give the animal a watermelon, silage, carrots or beets, reduce the amount of drinking, as these products are very rich in water, but if excessive amount of fluid in rabbits can occur indigestion.
What else do dwarf rabbits eat? They really like woody food, particularly fresh thin branches of aspen, Linden, willow, acacia, Apple. And in winter, the rabbits are happy to eat the needles of pine, spruce and juniper. But keep in mind that low-fiber foods and high amounts of sugar can cause stagnation of the digestive system that often leads to death of the animal.
In no case should not be given:
- red cabbage,
- Lily of the valley,
- crow eyes,
- milestones poisonous
- the hellebore
- acrid Buttercup,
- the grass growing near roads.
The collected grass should be well washed, and then dried with paper towels. When feeding your dwarf rabbits, you should remember that in the diet of the animal must be present in a sufficient quantity of hay, which the rabbit can eat at any time of the day. But at the same time, we should not give alfalfa hay to rabbits over 6 months. Oat hay is the most versatile for all age groups and types of dwarf rabbits.
Diseases of rabbits
Rabbits, like all creatures, are subject to various diseases. Moreover, the pet may become ill with a communicable disease. Don’t worry, for men, these infections are not dangerous, but for other animals in the house – Yes.
To non-communicable are:
- Gastrointestinal diseases;
- Solar and thermal shocks;
- Traumatic injuries;
- Diseases of the respiratory system;
- The foot to me;
- Infectious rhinitis;
- Dermatofitos or microspores;
- Viral hemorrhagic disease;
- Infectious stomatitis;
To describe these diseases, we will not, as diagnosed by a veterinarian. Here’s what you need to know to monitor the health of your pet:
- The body temperature of a rabbit should be 38, 5-39, 7 Celsius.
- The heart rate should be 120-140 beats per minute.
- The breathing frequency of 30-50 movements per minute.
- Per day urine should be no more than 0, 2 liters.
- Blood pressure – 90-10 mm Hg. Measured in the femoral artery. If one of the indicators is different, immediately contact your vet!
So, summarizing all the above, we want to remind you again that the rabbits are not fluffy toys, and living beings.
If you decide to purchase a dwarf rabbit, be responsible for it.