Caring for turtles – an educational program for beginners
Most pet lovers prefer to enjoy the company of warm-blooded fauna, covered with hair or feathers. However, fans of the underwater world and want to have in your home aquarium with fish too much. But those who choose terrariums and living in them, reptiles, amphibians and insects, rarely meet. But if snakes, spiders and Scorpions make their Pets run the risk of only a few, for example, a turtle give birth without hesitation. Supposedly, the animal is quite secure, and caring for a turtle at home not working.
But there it was! Bringing home such an exotic pet, new cherepahoobraznoy face a lot of problems. After all, the turtle, first of all, needs special conditions, it requires a specific feeding. In addition, this animal tends to fall into hibernation, and every manner of disease it is not insured. So, deciding to have a turtle, you just have to arm with necessary knowledge.
Types of home turtles
The most common types of pet turtles is turtles, Central Asian and marsh. These animals are different from other Pets, very long life. In a comfortable environment and with proper care they can live for about thirty years.
Most often, acquiring these Pets in pet stores, we are the owners of pond slider turtles. They are water turtles that spend most of their time in the water. However, they need to periodically get out on the land, where the red-eared terrapins have a rest, and walk. This species of turtle is different patterned shell colors and special markings red or yellow spots on each side of the head.
Central Asian turtles are a land way of life. This is a fairly large specimens, reaching a weight of more than one and a half kilograms. The length of the shell they are about twenty inches, and its color varies from light red tone to a dark olive color. In the nature of Central Asian tortoises are active only about three months a year. The rest of the time they spend in burrows.
Bog turtles. These familiar, and not at all exotic turtles are widely distributed in Russia. And in our house they usually go straight from nearby ponds, bypassing the shops and markets. Just, tempted by the opportunity to settle in your house such unusual Pets, we do of free animals Pets. They do not differ bright appearance (have a single color dark armor), but it can boast of excellent health.
Some owners of the newly-born turtles make the mistake of assuming that any kind of these home dwellers require standard conditions. Yes, of course, much of the content requirements of turtles are similar, but there are some differences.
The conditions of detention
Depending on the natural for different turtles (aquatic or land) habitat conditions they need to equip and appropriate conditions in captivity. For example, for the contents of any turtle you’ll need a terrarium or aquarium. But…
For water turtles turtle will only fit a large aquarium or aquaterrarium of no less than 100 litres. In addition to the water you still have to be an island of land. Best to buy a special island with a sloping descent, a rough surface and a large area of the island. The surface size of the island should be at least a quarter of the total area of the whole aquarium. It is also necessary to set the lamp where your turtle will bask. The aquarium is filled with settled water, which is changed once a month.
For the maintenance of the Central Asian land turtle, you will need a spacious terrarium with soil and the system maintains temperature and humidity. Comfortable temperature for these turtles is 25-28 degrees. The soil layer should be thick enough that your turtle can dig. In addition, in the terrarium, you need to install the lamp. In summer, tortoises can walk, and if possible, equip them for a outdoor aviary.
Bog turtles is quite suitable vivariums the same as for red. Only the water in the aquarium should be much less, as in nature, these turtles are found in shallow water. Over the island sushi also need to install a lamp under which the turtle could bask. Eat bog turtles in the water, here they defecate. So the water in the aquarium for a mud turtle should be changed frequently.
As for lamps for turtles, it must be incandescent, fluorescent and ultraviolet lamps not warm. Tortoises tend to get in winter hibernation. However, the successful experiences of this period the turtles need special conditions with constant maintenance of the required temperature. Therefore it is better not to give their Pets to meet the winter in hibernation. For this purpose it is necessary to raise the temperature in the terrarium or vivariums, you notice that the animal was less active and started to refuse to eat.
Among the turtles are completely harmless herbivores, there are predators and there are those who will not refuse vegetable and animal food. Therefore, getting your pet turtle, be sure to find out what type of food appropriate for your pet.
For example, slider turtles required protein food. So feed them bloodworms, minced meat or special granular feed. Note that only meat turtles can be given or they will get rickets. Therefore, include in their diet fish (boiled) and add menu green salad leaves of young cabbage and prudovyi algae. Feeding turtles turtles in under two years carried out daily and more adult individuals are given food two or three times a week.
The Central Asian land tortoises are fed a coarse plant food. Perfect for their food nekrahmalistye root crops (carrots, beets), lettuce, cabbage, tough grass, dandelion greens, zucchini, apples. All of these fruits and vegetables (except lettuce and cabbage), you need to grind on a grater, then put in the trough, and a half-two hours, leftover food removed from the terrarium.
Bog turtles are carnivores, while some are omnivorous. Therefore, the basis of their diet should be protein foods. It is best to feed them earthworms, bloodworms, large, prudovyi snails, fish and meat. But if an adult bog turtles can be given a whole fish or small pieces of meat, for feeding young turtles this food to grind, cutting small narrow strips, similar to worms.
Unlike those of cats, dogs or even birds turtles in a constant and careful care is not needed. Basic care for these Pets is reduced to the timely and proper feeding and cleaning the aquarium or terrarium. However, for example, the Central Asian land turtles also need to periodically trim the nails and beak. However, the need for this arises only when the litter in the cage is not enough solid, so the claws were doing well in a natural way. For this procedure, browsing turtle paw through. If the tips of the claws are transparent, that they can be cut – this is unnecessary regrown part of the blood vessels. Cut nails with clippers. Also cut and edge of the beak, which is then leveled with a nail file.
In addition, tortoises need periodic bathing. This procedure is necessary not only for hygienic purposes but also to maintain water balance in the body of the turtle, as they drink through the skin. Once a week the turtle was placed in the tub for about twenty minutes or thirty. The water should be soft, without the addition of detergents and temperatures of around 30 degrees. In the water you can add a decoction of chamomile, and molting and baking soda. And don’t forget that this is a land turtle, so while bathing her head must remain above water.
Pond slider turtles if necessary, cut only the claws and beak do not touch. Bog turtles do not shorten nor beak nor claws. So all the hygiene for these turtles are reduced to the change of water and cleaning the aquarium.
In the care of turtles, as well as the rules of their content, there is a kind of taboo. Violation of these prohibitions can lead to very sad consequences, so as to treat the injured or diseased tortoise is very difficult. And the animal, contained in the home, not exposed to potential dangers, remember what not to do.
In short, it is impossible to prevent in keeping turtles all that can badly affect their health or be dangerous for their lives. How could it be otherwise? After all, we are responsible for those who tamed.