Caring for goldfish, or How to make dreams come true
Want to have a home a real goldfish? I imagine this is possible not only in fairy tale. No, there are no guarantees of fulfillment of the three desires we will not let you… But tips on how to properly care for a gold fish living in your aquarium – as much as necessary! To take care of goldfish is easy and does not cause much trouble. What are actually these fabulous goldfish? What should be the proper maintenance of the goldfish and how to feed them and if they need any special care? Let’s face it.
Aquarium fish, known to us as gold, are the official name Carassius auratus auratus (Latin) and belong to the carp family (Cyprinidae). Next of kin gold fish in our rivers and lakes, mirror carps, crucian carps, breams, rudds and bleaks. But to what family belonged to the Pushkin gold Fish, hard to say, because these fish mostly freshwater.
In the home aquarium goldfish, usually do not grow longer than six inches, although they can achieve a thirty-degree length. They have flattened laterally elongated elliptical shape body with a sharp snout (muzzle). Long top (dorsal) fin starts them in the middle of the body, and short lower (anal) is located closer to the tail. Classic colors gold fish red gold on the back, Golden yellow on the sides and yellowish on the abdomen. The fins are also colored bright red or any reddish shades, they are just less yellow. However, there are instances of just exotic colors ranging from black and blue to white. So goldfish can be not gold, but red, pink, brown or even spotted.
Determine the sex of a goldfish is only possible in pre-spawning period. At this time the males are ready to spawn, have a distinctive feature – the notches located on the front of the first ray of the pectoral fins and on the gills. A female ready to lay eggs, it is easy to recognize on compacted bloated abdomen. If in this period, to look at the fish from above, you can see the curvature of the hull, which often remains after the laying of eggs.
The conditions of detention
The aquarium should correspond to comfortable conditions. It is advisable to purchase a special aquarium species a length of one metre. On the bottom of the aquarium is necessary to build coarse-grained soil and put a small amount of aquatic plants. In accordance with the conditions of detention of goldfish that must be plants with very small leaves such as potbelly or Vallisneria. Well to settle in the aquarium and floating plants that serve goldfish as food. Of the floating plants most suitable duckweed and riccia.
Living conditions – water, the temperature of which ranges from 16 to 24 degrees. Moreover in winter, the water temperature should not exceed 20 degrees and in summer can fall below 21. To reduce or enhance seasonal water temperature should be gradually.
Proper care of goldfish is to maintain a balance of hardness and acidity of water in akvariume. Water hardness (dH) for goldfish can range from eight to eighteen units, and the acidity (pH) be maintained in the area of seven units. The water in the aquarium, of course, must be clean and saturated with oxygen, and the height of the layer shall not be less than twenty-five centimeters. Care of goldfish provides for daily updating of the water when the aquarium pour one-tenth of its total volume. You must add water of the same composition and temperature, and seasonal temperature changes to increase or decrease the degree with daily updates of water. It is also desirable to provide an aquarium filter and aerator.
To determine the maximum allowable number of fish in aquarium is possible by a simple formula: for every ten centimetres of body length of the fish must be two hundred square inches of water surface. For aquarium without aeration this rate doubles. And with daily replacement of water shall be not less than one-third of the total. Note that care for a smaller number of fish much easier.
Primary care of goldfish is reduced to the proper and timely feeding. It is important to remember that these inhabitants of the aquarium is quite gluttonous, do not know the steps in food and prone to obesity. At the same time they are hardy and omnivorous. Diet for goldfish should include live and plant food. Appropriate live food is a traditional bloodworms, Daphnia, earth, earthworms, Tubifex and koretra. The plant food is duckweed, riccia and salad.
The extra carbohydrates you can give them bread crumbs and a very cool porridge of buckwheat, oats or wheat. Porridge is cooked without salt and roll from them balls the size of a pea. Additional protein in the diet of goldfish will be Solenoe meat, which can be mixed with the bread and roll into balls. In contrast to tropical aquarium fish gold fish needs more carbohydrates than proteins. Special dry food in the form of granules or flakes must be given in accordance with the instructions.
Daily intake of food for a gold fish should not exceed three percent of its weight. More feed fish also eat, as do not know the steps. To determine the quantity of fish food in the aquarium it is possible experimentally. They poured an approximate amount of feed, and in fifteen minutes all uneaten food collected from the water surface. Feed goldfish need twice a day. And leave them without food can no longer than a week.
How to care for fish during spawning? For breeding goldfish, you must have a special spawning aquarium. In the period of mating of males and females are seated and well-fed and ready to spawn the female and two or three males are placed in the spawning tank. The female lays the eggs, floating among aquatic plants, or above them, and the male immediately fertilizes eggs. The eggs stick to the plants and on the second day is clear.
After spawning the fish is deposited, and a layer of water in the tank is reduced to fifteen centimeters. After about five days of eggs, the larvae hatch. It is important that during this period the water temperature in the spawning tank has not changed more than five degrees. Further care for the fry and the conditions of detention fully comply with the care of adult goldfish. At first the kids fed the ciliates and rotifers, and in the second year of life is transferred to usual food.
If properly care for goldfish, their contents will not cause much trouble. This being unpretentious and cheerful. So competent care and quality content is all they need. Settled in your fabulous aquarium fish, and who knows, maybe your wishes will be fulfilled!